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Editor's note: If you'd like to submit a question to the Commodity Investor Q&A, e-mail us here.

The Commodity Investor Q&A

With Matt Badiali, editor, S&A Resource Report
Wednesday, September 3, 2008

Q: After all is said and done about gold and silver, what are your views on investing in the really rare metal, platinum? – L.S.
A: The other day, I called up Van Simmons of David Hall Rare Coins. He mentioned Platinum Eagles, the U.S. mint's platinum coin. It turns out, Platinum Eagles are hard to get your hands on these days.
Platinum's scarcity is probably due to the disparity in the platinum-to-gold ratio. Here's how it works...
For the last 10 years, the average ratio of the price of an ounce of platinum to an ounce of gold was 1.9. That means you could buy 1.9 ounces of gold for the price of a single ounce of platinum. The ratio varies by about 0.3 ounces to either side.
Some hard-core precious metal investors make a lot of money trading the ratio... When the ratio hits 1.6 to 1, they buy platinum and sell gold. When the ratio gets to 2.2 to 1, they sell platinum and buy gold.
In May, the ratio hit 2.4 ounces of platinum per ounce of gold. Traders dumped their platinum and piled into gold. The ratio plummeted, and now it is around 1.7 ounces of platinum per ounce of gold. Traders are buying platinum again.
One of the easiest sources of platinum bullion is the U.S. mint's Platinum Eagle coins. So they're getting scarce.
In the long run, I think platinum will continue to perform the way precious metals are supposed to – as a hedge against paper currency inflation. If you want an alternative to gold and silver, you should look into platinum.
Q: Where do you see natural gas headed? What is the best way to invest? – K.C.
A: How desperate would you have to be to pay $7 or $8 a gallon for gasoline? Well, China recently did the equivalent of that... for natural gas.
A Chinese liquid natural gas company, Guangdong Dapeng, paid about $17 per thousand cubic feet of natural gas. The U.S. pays about $8 per thousand cubic feet.
We only import about 14% of our total natural gas consumption. But unlike the U.S., China doesn't have a large domestic supply. And China's natural gas consumption rose 177% from 1998 to 2006 (2007 data isn't out yet).
If China continues to set the price for natural gas on the spot market, the U.S. will start paying a lot more for natural gas imports. Otherwise, we'll see Canadian natural gas shipped east.
Bullish investors can try natural gas futures or natural gas producers (like Chesapeake Energy). I've also recently written about how Pennsylvania's Marcellus Shale is a huge opportunity in the natural gas market.
The easiest way to get direct exposure to natural gas prices is through the United States Natural Gas Fund (UNG), which generally tracks the natural gas spot price.
Q: What is the future for nuclear energy? – R.W.
A: Don't let "paper reactors" fool you. The incredible inflation of construction costs will sink many planned nuclear projects. I'd be surprised if half the planned plants make the leap from blueprint to construction.
The rising costs of commodities like copper, steel, concrete, and oil drove the cost of building new reactors straight up. Areva, the French nuclear engineering firm, recently updated the cost of building the new generation of reactor, the OL3, in Finland.
The project's original budget was €3 billion with a summer 2008 completion date. The new budget has ballooned to €4.5 billion – an increase of 50%. And the plant won't be on line until 2011.
This kind of price escalation was not included in the budgets for many (if any) of the planned reactors. So, while I think nuclear energy has a place, it won't step in for natural gas or coal anytime soon.
Good investing,

In The News
Small Money Gets Crowded Out
Individual ownership of US stocks has fallen to a record low, underscoring the increasing importance of institutional investors in domestic equity markets, according to a report to be released today.
Retail investors owned 34 per cent of all shares and 24 per cent of stock in the top 1,000 companies at the end of 2006, the last year for which figures are available, said the Conference Board, an industry group. Both numbers are record lows.
World's Largest Iron Ore Producer to Triple
Cia. Vale do Rio Doce fell 26 percent this year in Sao Paulo, heading for the first annual decline since 2000. Now analysts say the world's largest iron-ore producer is poised for its best performance in a decade.
Vale may double in the next year, three times the expected gains for the world's biggest mining companies, BHP Billiton Ltd. and Rio Tinto Plc, according to the median of six analysts' forecasts compiled by Bloomberg. Read on...
Market Notes
Homebuilding stocks creep back onto highs list... Toll Brothers, Beacon Roofing Supply, Fastenal, and Meritage Homes hit 52-week highs.
But the medical sector still dominates... Covidien, ConMed, Johnson & Johnson, and medical devices fund at new highs.
Asia's 50 biggest companies fall... iShares S&P Asia 50 Index hits new low.
Earnings today... H&R Block, Hovnanian, Joy Global, Staples.
Market Watch
Symbol Price
S&P 500 1221.53 +1.3% +10.1%
Oil 38.31 +1.4% -0.6%
Gold 138.07 +2.1% +16.3%
Silver 28.60 +2.4% +53.6%
US-Dollar 80.67 -0.8% +8.1%
Euro 1.32 +0.6% -12.1%
Volatility 18.01 -7.1% -19.8%
Gold Stocks 581.56 +3.0% +17.0%
10-Year Yield 3.02 +0.7% -10.7%

World ETFs
Symbol Price
USA 122.89 +0.3% +11.3%
Canada 30.50 +0.2% +16.2%
Russia 21.94 +1.4% +18.1%
India 37.85 +0.3% +22.3%
Israel 16.69 +1.3% +10.8%
Japan 10.64 +0.6% +6.5%
Singapore 13.73 -1.1% +18.8%
Taiwan 14.78 +0.4% +19.2%
S. Korea 57.31 +1.3% +23.4%
S. Africa 71.87 +1.4% +28.2%
China 44.42 -1.4% -0.6%
Lat.America 53.17 +0.7% +8.4%

Sector ETFs
Symbol Price
Oil Service 137.59 +1.0% +18.9%
Big Pharma 64.14 +0.0% -3.2%
Internet 72.07 -0.1% +23.4%
Semis 16.22 +1.2% +29.4%
Utilities 31.28 +0.2% +1.5%
Defense 18.52 +0.1% +10.6%
Nanotech 10.03 +0.4% +1.6%
Alt. Energy 10.08 +1.3% -3.3%
Water 18.49 +1.0% +14.5%
Insurance 16.14 +0.4% +21.1%
Biotech 20.54 -0.2% +28.1%
Retail 19.70 +0.3% +30.2%
Software 24.79 +0.8% +25.9%
Big Tech 53.87 +0.3% +22.7%
Construction 13.10 +0.9% +15.7%
Media 13.64 +0.5% +26.0%
Consumer Svcs 67.39 +0.2% +24.5%
Financials 55.04 +0.3% +7.4%
Health Care 64.30 +0.1% +2.0%
Industrials 63.54 +0.5% +21.0%
Basic Mat 74.35 +1.1% +25.3%
Real Estate 55.32 +0.1% +25.0%
Transportation 91.77 +0.7% +26.9%
Telecom 22.59 +0.5% +17.8%

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